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Effect of biochar application method on nitrogen leaching and hydraulic conductivity in a silty clay soil
Li Shuailin1,2; Zhang Yongwang3,4; Yan Weiming1; Shangguan Zhouping1
2018-11
Source PublicationSoil & Tillage Research
Volume183Issue:2018Pages:100-108
Abstract

Biochar is anticipated to be an effective option for mitigating nitrogen (N) leaching and improving the hydraulic characteristics of soil, particularly sandy soil. However, little attention has been paid to understanding the effect of biochar on N leaching and hydraulic conductivity (K) in fine-textured soil. Additionally, whether different biochar application methods have different effects on N leaching and K remains unclear. Therefore, our objective in this study is to determine the effects of biochar with different application methods on nitrate/ammonium leaching and K in silty clay soil. The three biochar application patterns were as follows: A, biochar was mixed into 0–10 cm of surface soil; B, biochar was mixed into 10–20 cm of subsurface soil; and C, biochar was mixed evenly into 0–20 cm of plow layer soil. In addition, biochar was added at three rates, namely, 1%, 2% and 4% (mass ratios), and a soil column without biochar addition served as the control (CK). Our results demonstrated that the choice of biochar application method significantly influenced N leaching and soil K and balance between
the soil K and N leaching, particularly for nitrate. Additionally, the leaching of N in silty clay soil occurred mainly in nitrate form. Compared with the CK, all 1% biochar treatments increased nitrate leaching (except C1%, which showed no differences from the CK) and tended to decrease K. However, all 4% biochar treatments increased nitrate leaching due to a high K. All 2% biochar treatments significantly reduced nitrate leaching by 8.3–17.0%, and B2% significantly increased the saturated hydraulic conductivity (K
sat) of soil by 20.9%. Hence, the mixing of biochar at a rate of 2% into the subsurface soil effectively mitigated N leaching and increased K in silty clay soil. These findings could have some implications for the field application of biochar. For instance, the combination of subsurface biochar application with that of fertilizer to roots in orchards or with deep tillage in fields, which would mimic the B2% model, would yield multiple benefits, including lower costs.

MOST Discipline Catalogue理学::生态学 ; 农学::农业资源与环境
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iswc.ac.cn/handle/361005/8816
Collection水保所知识产出(1956---)
Corresponding AuthorShangguan Zhouping
Affiliation1.State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau
2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences
3.Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources
4.College of Life Sciences, Yan'an University
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li Shuailin,Zhang Yongwang,Yan Weiming,et al. Effect of biochar application method on nitrogen leaching and hydraulic conductivity in a silty clay soil[J]. Soil & Tillage Research,2018,183(2018):100-108.
APA Li Shuailin,Zhang Yongwang,Yan Weiming,&Shangguan Zhouping.(2018).Effect of biochar application method on nitrogen leaching and hydraulic conductivity in a silty clay soil.Soil & Tillage Research,183(2018),100-108.
MLA Li Shuailin,et al."Effect of biochar application method on nitrogen leaching and hydraulic conductivity in a silty clay soil".Soil & Tillage Research 183.2018(2018):100-108.
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