ISWC OpenIR  > 水保所知识产出(1956---)
工程堆积体坡面产流产沙特性的现场试验
张翔1; 高照良2,3; 杜捷2; 袁雪红3; 王凯3
2016
Source Publication水土保持学报
Volume30Issue:4Pages:19-32
Abstract

通过不同流量(35,45,55L/min)、不同坡度(24°,28°,32°)的野外放水冲刷试验,对工程堆积体坡面
产流产沙的时空变化特性进行了研究。结果表明,径流强度与放水强度、产沙率密切相关,三者之间呈多
元线性相关;坡面径流强度随冲刷时间呈波动式增大趋势;平均含沙量和产沙比均随坡度增大呈先增后减
的趋势,峰值出现在坡度为28°时;径流强度和产沙率在冲刷时间为10min时出现第一个峰值;坡面产沙过
程呈现产沙率剧增、波动和稳定发展3个阶段;累计产沙量与累计径流量呈线性关系。试验结果可为工程
堆积体坡面水土流失预报模型的构建提供验证数据。

Other Abstract

A field water-scouring experiment was conducted with different flow rates(35L/min,45L/min,
55L/min)and different slope gradients(24°,28°and 32°)in order to explore spatial-temporal characteristics of
runoff and sediment yield on slopes of engineering accumulation body.The results showed that the runoff
intensity was closely related to the intensity of discharge and sediment yield,and multiple linear correlations
existed between them.The runoff intensity showed a fluctuated increasing trend with the increase of scouring
time.Average sediment amount and sediment yield ratio increased at first and then decreased with the
increase of slope gradients,and the peak value appeared when the slope gradient was about 28°.Runoff intensity
and sediment yield showed the first peak values at 10min.The sediment yielding process included 3stages:
sediment yield rapidly increase,fluctuated and steadily developed.The cumulative sediment yield showed
linear correlation with the cumulative runoff.The experiment results may provide validation data for the
prediction model of soil and water loss in the production and construction projects.

Keyword产流产沙 工程堆积体 放水冲刷 径流
Indexed By中文核心期刊要目总览
Language中文
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iswc.ac.cn/handle/361005/8733
Collection水保所知识产出(1956---)
Affiliation1.西北农林科技大学水利与建筑工程学院
2.西北农林科技大学水土保持研究所
3.中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
张翔,高照良,杜捷,等. 工程堆积体坡面产流产沙特性的现场试验[J]. 水土保持学报,2016,30(4):19-32.
APA 张翔,高照良,杜捷,袁雪红,&王凯.(2016).工程堆积体坡面产流产沙特性的现场试验.水土保持学报,30(4),19-32.
MLA 张翔,et al."工程堆积体坡面产流产沙特性的现场试验".水土保持学报 30.4(2016):19-32.
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