|严正升1,2; 郭忠升1,3; 宁婷1,2; 张文文1,2
为了研究枝条覆盖对林地土壤水分的影响，提高土壤水分利用效率。2013 年5—9 月，以半干旱黄土丘陵区平茬柠条林
间共观测到降雨28 次，总降雨量达495．9 mm。未覆盖和覆盖林地降雨补给量与降雨量之间均呈极显著正相关关系。枝条覆盖
于对照林地，整个生长季，前者比后者多消耗了37．56 mm 土壤水分，仅相当于所增加的降雨补给量的1 /3。在丰水年，覆盖一直
表现出对林地土壤水分的正效应，剖面0—260 cm 范围内土壤水分条件有明显改善。
In the semi-arid Loess hilly region where there are insufficient water resources，the condition of soil water is the
most important factor limiting plant growth． Studies have shown that biological mulching can effectively increase rainfall
infiltration depth and reduce surface runoff，as well as reduce invalid evaporation from the soil surface．However，most
studies on biological mulching technologies focused on straw and grass mulching，and there is a lack of information on the
effect of branch mulching，particularly in pruned Caragana korshinskii forestland． In the semi-arid Loess hilly region，soil
drying is a serious environmental problem in artificial C． korshinskii forestland． The positive effects of branch mulching on
soil water conditions may have great significance for vegetation restoration and ecological construction． To understand these
effects and to apply the technology for increasing soil water use efficiency，we measured volumetric soil water content
( VSWC) using a neutron probe in mulched and unmulched shrubland， of pruned C． korshinskii from May to October 2013．
Twenty-eight rainfall events were observed during the period and the total rainfall amounted to 495．9mm． Approximately
60% of rainfall events were less than 10mm，and the maximum rainfall was 90．3mm． Ｒegression analysis showed significantpositive correlations between rainfall and recharge amounts in both mulch plots and control plots． Furthermore，branch
mulch increased the recharge amount． However，when the rainfall was less than 3．1mm，the recharge amount of soil water in
mulched shrubland was less than unmulched shrubland． In addition，branch mulch increased the infiltration depth of
rainfall，and the rate of rainwater harvesting was improved from 0．50 to 0．70． When the rainfall was ＞9．4mm，the recharge
depth of soil water in unmulched shrubland was less than mulched shrubland． At the same time，there was more
evapotranspiration in mulch plots than in control plots． During the growing season，total water consumption in mulch plots
was 37．56mm greater than in control plots，which was merely 1 /3 of the rainwater more infiltrated because of mulching
management． Therefore，there was a positive effect of branch mulch on soil water resources in the wet years，reflected as the
increase of soil water content in the 0—260cm depth profile． This study demonstrated that branch mulching can substantially
increase the infiltration depth and recharge amount of rainfall in pruned C． korshinskii forestland and improve the utilization
rate of rainwater．
|First Author Affilication||中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所
严正升,郭忠升,宁婷,等. 枝条覆盖对半干旱黄土丘陵区平茬柠条林地土壤水分 的影响[J]. 生态学报,2016,36(21):6872-6878.
严正升,et al."枝条覆盖对半干旱黄土丘陵区平茬柠条林地土壤水分 的影响".生态学报 36.21(2016):6872-6878.
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