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长期施肥措施下土壤有机碳矿化特征研究
马天娥1; 魏艳春1; 杨宪龙1; 魏孝荣1,2; 王玉红3
2016
Source Publication中国生态农业学报
Volume24Issue:1Pages:8-16
Abstract

研究长期不同施肥措施下旱作农田土壤有机碳的矿化特征及其温度敏感性可为加深理解土壤碳循环
过程提供理论依据。本文以半干旱黄土区粮豆轮作体系为研究对象, 通过两种不同温度(15 ℃和25 ℃)的室
内培养试验, 分析了长期不同施肥措施下土壤有机碳矿化的动力学特征及其温度敏感性。研究结果表明, 土壤
有机碳矿化速率在培养初期较高, 之后缓慢下降。施肥措施和培养温度对土壤有机碳矿化均具有显著影响。
与不施肥对照(CK)相比, 在15 ℃培养条件下, 长期单施磷肥(P)、氮磷配施(NP)和氮磷有机肥配施(NPM)处理
的土壤有机碳累积矿化量(Cmin)分别增加41%、85%和89%, 在25 ℃培养条件下, 分别增加7%、46%和77%。
另外, 与CK 处理相比, P、NP 和NPM 处理土壤有机碳矿化的温度敏感性(Q10)分别降低25%、21%和6%。施
肥改变了土壤有机碳矿化的动力学参数, 其改变程度与施肥种类和培养温度有关。与CK 处理相比, 在15 ℃
培养条件下, P、NP 和NPM 处理的土壤潜在矿化有机碳量(Cp)分别增加29%、65%和48%; 在25 ℃培养条件
下, NP 和NPM 处理的Cp 分别增加2%和21%, 而P 处理则减少36%。不同施肥处理土壤有机碳矿化速率常数(k)在
15 ℃培养条件下变化较小, 在25 ℃培养条件下则有较大幅度的增加。在25 ℃培养条件下, Cmin 和Cp 随土壤
有机碳和全氮含量的增加而显著增加。可见, 长期施肥显著促进了半干旱黄土区粮豆轮作体系土壤有机碳的
矿化, 减弱了土壤有机碳矿化的温度敏感性。

Other Abstract

Mineralization of soil organic carbon (SOC) is a vital link in carbon cycle in terrestrial ecosystems and has a significant
effect on soil productivity and CO2 exchange in the soil-atmosphere system. Studies on the response of SOC mineralization
and its temperature sensitivity to long-term fertilization could provide essential information for the understanding of
SOC dynamics in semiarid agro-ecosystems. In this paper, we analyzed the characteristics of SOC mineralization for soils
collected from legume-grain rotation systems with 27 years of application history of different fertilizers in the semiarid LoessPlateau of China. We also analyzed SOC mineralization sensitivity to temperature and its response to different fertilizations.
The objective of the study was to build a deeper insight into how SOC mineralization responds to long-term fertilization in
semiarid agro-ecosystems. The results showed that SOC mineralization rates were high at the initial stage and then slowly
decreased at different temperature (15 ℃ and 25 ℃) and fertilization treatments. Fertilization and cultivation temperature significantly
influenced SOC mineralization. Compared with the no fertilization treatment (control), long-term application of phosphorus
(P), combined nitrogen and phosphorus (NP), and combined nitrogen, phosphorus manure (NPM) increased cumulative
mineralized SOC (Cmin) by 41%, 85% and 89%, respectively, at 15 ℃, and by 7%, 46% and 77%, respectively, and 25 ℃.
Also compared with control, P, NP and NPM application conditions decreased SOC mineralization sensitivity to temperature
by 25%, 21% and 6%, respectively. Long-term fertilization changed the parameters of SOC mineralization, which varied with
fertilizer type and cultivation temperature. SOC mineralization potential (Cp) of P, NP and NPM treatments increased by 29%,
65% and 48%, respectively, compared with that of control at 15 ℃. However, at 25 ℃, Cp increased by 2% under NP condition,
increased by 21% under NPM condition, and decreased by 36% under P treatment compared with that under control. SOC
mineralization constant (k) varied slightly at 15 ℃, but greatly increased due to fertilization at 25 ℃. Additionally at 25 ℃, cumulative
Cmin and Cp were enhanced positively with increasing of both SOC and soil total nitrogen content. But at 15 ℃, Cmin and Cp
were barely positively correlated with SOC and soil nitrogen. In conclusion, long-term fertilization increased SOC mineralization in
legume-grain rotation systems in semiarid Loess Plateau, and decreased SOC mineralization sensitivity to temperature.

Keyword旱作农田 粮豆轮作 长期施肥 土壤有机碳矿化 温度敏感性
Indexed By中文核心期刊要目总览
Language中文
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iswc.ac.cn/handle/361005/8705
Collection水保所知识产出(1956---)
Affiliation1.西北农林科技大学资源环境学院
2.西北农林科技大学黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室
3.中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
马天娥,魏艳春,杨宪龙,等. 长期施肥措施下土壤有机碳矿化特征研究[J]. 中国生态农业学报,2016,24(1):8-16.
APA 马天娥,魏艳春,杨宪龙,魏孝荣,&王玉红.(2016).长期施肥措施下土壤有机碳矿化特征研究.中国生态农业学报,24(1),8-16.
MLA 马天娥,et al."长期施肥措施下土壤有机碳矿化特征研究".中国生态农业学报 24.1(2016):8-16.
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