|刘璐1; 李康勇2; 牛文全1,2; 李元1; 许健1
验设计方法，分别在冬、夏两个季节研究了3 种不同泥沙级配浑水与3 个不同施肥质量浓度组合对滴头堵塞的影
肥2 种情况下灌溉滴头的抗堵塞性能均高于冬季，夏季有效灌水次数是冬季的1. 26 ～ 1. 43 倍; 施肥加速滴头堵塞
的作用受泥沙级配和灌水温度的影响，冬季灌溉水中0. 034 ～ 0. 1 mm 粒径粗颗粒含量越多，施肥质量浓度对堵塞
的影响越敏感，夏季灌溉水中0 ～ 0. 034 mm 细颗粒越多，施肥质量浓度对堵塞的影响越敏感。建议灌水温度较低
Fertilizers injected into the drip irrigation system may contribute to serious clogging，which
occurs due to multiple factors，including water quality，water condition，hydraulic parameters and system
design． To better understand the causes and process of emitter clogging of fertigation at different irrigation
water temperature levels，laboratory experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of irrigationwhen the temperature stays low，and the fertilizer concentration can be controlled at a low level when
irrigation is applied with fertilizer．
water temperature on the sensitivity of emitter clogging． Three different particle gradations and three
different fertilizer concentrations were investigated through the intermittent drip irrigation method in
summer and winter，respectively． Experiment results showed that the temperature of irrigation water was
an important factor causing clogging with remarkable coupling effect with water quality． The anti-clogging
performance of emitter in summer was always better than that in winter for both scenarios of fertilization
and no fertilization． The acceleration of drip clogging with fertilization was affected by the sediment
gradation and the season． When the content of sediment particles ( with diameter of 0. 034 ～ 0. 1 mm)
became high，the fertilizer concentration could be more sensitive to clogging in winter than that in
summer． The fertilizer concentration became more sensitive to clogging when the content of sediment
particles ( with diameter of 0 ～ 0. 034 mm) were high in summer than that in winter． The number of
effective irrigation frequency in summer was 1. 26 ～ 1. 43 times as much as it was in winter． However，
the irrigation water temperature could not change its effect on clogging caused by sediment gradation and
fertilization concentration． Therefore，it is recommended that the irrigation frequency can be reduced
刘璐,李康勇,牛文全,等. 温度对施肥滴灌系统滴头堵塞的影响[J]. 农业机械学报,2016,47(2):98-104.
刘璐,et al."温度对施肥滴灌系统滴头堵塞的影响".农业机械学报 47.2(2016):98-104.
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