ISWC OpenIR  > 水保所知识产出(1956---)
柳枝稷植被过滤带拦污增效试验初步研究
孙彭成1; 高建恩1,2,3; 王显文3,4; 高哲5
2016
Source Publication农业环境科学学报
Volume35Issue:2Pages:314-321
Abstract

针对黄土高原严重水土流失引起面源污染与水资源紧缺的问题,在自主研发设计的坡地高效农业用水滤清系统基础上,
通过6 组不同雨强的模拟降雨试验,分析了不同雨强下坡地径流中污染物输出特征,研究了不同长度的柳枝稷植被过滤带对污染
物的净化效果,并对植被过滤带柳枝稷的生产效益进行了评价。结果表明:坡面径流中泥沙和总磷含量随雨强的增加而增加,总氮
含量随雨强的增加而减小,COD 含量随雨强增加先减小后增加。3 m 长和5 m 长的柳枝稷植被过滤带都能显著削减径流中的泥沙
和总磷含量,而两种长度的削减作用间无显著差异;5 m 长过滤带还能显著削减径流中COD 含量,整个过滤带对总氮的削减效果
不明显。过滤带柳枝稷产量和品质均优于大田种植柳枝稷,过滤带内距径流入口越近柳枝稷干物质产量越高;过滤带柳枝稷单位面
积干物产量提高29%,蛋白质产量增加53%,淀粉产量增加23%。滤清系统柳枝稷植被过滤带不但能有效拦截水沙和面源污染物,
而且能够将所拦截污染物作为肥料吸收利用,高效利用水土资源,在黄土高原地区有广泛的应用前景。

Other Abstract

The serious soil and water erosion in the Loess Plateau has caused non-point source pollution and shortage of water resources. In
this study, a series of simulated rainfall experiments with 6 rainfall intensities were conducted using the self-designed efficient agricultural
water filter system. The pollutant outputs under different rainfall intensities were measured. The purification efficiencies and biomass pro -
duction of the Switchgrass Vegetative Filter Strip(VFS)with different lengths were also evaluated. Results indicated that:1)with increase
in rainfall intensity, the concentrations of sediments and total phosphorus(TP)in overland flow increased, while total nitrogen(TN)concentrations
decreased. COD decreased initially but increased thereafter; 2)Both 3 m- and 5 m-length VFS significantly reduced sediment and
TP concentrations, with no significant differences between these two lengths. The COD reduction happened only in the 5 m-length VFS.
However, neither of these two lengths of VFS reduced TN concentrations; 3)Yield and quality of switchgrass in the VFS were better than
those of field-grown switchgrass. In the VFS, switchgrass closer to the runoff entrance yielded higher biomass. The dry matter yield, protein
yield and starch yield of switchgrass were respectively 29%, 53%, and 23% higher in the VFS than in the fields. The present results indicated
that switchgrass in VFS utilized soil and water resources efficiently and would have promising applications in the Loess Plateau area.

Keyword模拟降雨 柳枝稷植被过滤带 净化径流 产量品质提升
Indexed By中文核心期刊要目总览
Language中文
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iswc.ac.cn/handle/361005/8650
Collection水保所知识产出(1956---)
Affiliation1.西北农林科技大学水土保持研究所
2.中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所
3.西北农 林科技大学水利与建筑工程学院
4.新疆兵团勘测设计院(集团)有限责任公司
5.陕西化建工程有限责任公司
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
孙彭成,高建恩,王显文,等. 柳枝稷植被过滤带拦污增效试验初步研究[J]. 农业环境科学学报,2016,35(2):314-321.
APA 孙彭成,高建恩,王显文,&高哲.(2016).柳枝稷植被过滤带拦污增效试验初步研究.农业环境科学学报,35(2),314-321.
MLA 孙彭成,et al."柳枝稷植被过滤带拦污增效试验初步研究".农业环境科学学报 35.2(2016):314-321.
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