ISWC OpenIR  > 水保所知识产出(1956---)
聚丙烯酰胺对坡地苹果园水土流失 和土壤养分流失的影响
李晶晶1,2; 邹超煜1; 白岗栓1,3
2016
Source Publication应用生态学报
Volume27Issue:9Pages:2991-2999
Abstract

为了改善坡地苹果园的土壤环境,遏制水土流失和土壤养分流失,探寻聚丙烯酰胺
适宜的干撒施用量,2010—2012 年在陕北丘陵沟壑区的坡地苹果园,以不施聚丙烯酰胺为对
照,分别撒施0.6、0.8、1.0、1.2、1.4 和1.6 g·m-2的聚丙烯酰胺,监测果园地表产流、土壤流失、
养分流失和苹果植株生长状况.结果表明: 坡地果园的径流量和5—7 月的产流次数均随聚丙
烯酰胺撒施量的增加呈“V”型变化,其中撒施量为1.0 g·m-2时最低,但果园侵蚀泥沙量则随
聚丙烯酰胺撒施量的增加而降低.地表径流和侵蚀泥沙中的铵态氮、速效磷和速效钾的浓度
均随聚丙烯酰胺撒施量的增加而降低; 聚丙烯酰胺可显著降低地表径流中的硝态氮含量,对
侵蚀泥沙中的硝态氮含量则无显著影响; 侵蚀泥沙中的有机质、全氮、全磷和全钾含量均随聚
丙烯酰胺撒施量的增加而降低.聚丙烯酰胺提高了苹果单果质量及产量,但对苹果植株生长
及果实风味品质无显著影响.聚丙烯酰胺在坡地苹果园中的适宜撒施量应为1.0 g·m-2 .

Other Abstract

In order to improve the soil environment,reduce soil erosion and soil nutrient loss,and
explore the suitable dry broadcasting rate of polyacrylamide ( PAM) in sloped apple orchard,experiments
of different dry broadcasting rates of polyacrylamide were carried out in apple orchards with a
slope of 20° in the hilly-gully region of northern Shaanxi from 2010 to 2012. PAM treatment levels
included 0,0.6,0.8,1.0,1.2,1.4 and 1.6 g·m-2 . Surface runoff,eroded sediment,soil nutrient
loss,and the growth of apple trees were monitored. Results showed that the surface runoff and runoff
yield times from May to July exhibited a“V”shape with the increase of PAM application rate,and
reached a minimum at the 1.0 g·m-2 level. However,the sediment yield decreased with increasing
the PAM application rate. The concentrations of the ammonium nitrogen,available phosphorus,and
available potassium in surface runoff and sediment decreased with increa-sing the PAM application
rate. PAM significantly reduced the content of nitrate nitrogen in surface runoff,whereas it had no
significant effect on nitrate nitrogen in sediment. Organic matter,total nitrogen,total phosphorus,
and total potassium in the sediment decreased with increasing the PAM application rate. Moreover,
PAM improved average fruit mass and fruit yields in sloped orchards,but it had no significant effect
on the growth of apple trees and apple fruit flavor. An application le-vel of PAM at 1.0 g·m-2
should be suitable in sloped apple orchards.

Keyword聚丙烯酰胺( Pam) 干撒量 地表径流 侵蚀泥沙 土壤养分 坡地苹果园
Indexed By中文核心期刊要目总览
Language中文
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iswc.ac.cn/handle/361005/8644
Collection水保所知识产出(1956---)
Affiliation1.西北农林科技大学水土保持研究所
2.黄河流域水土保持生态环境监测中心
3.中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
李晶晶,邹超煜,白岗栓. 聚丙烯酰胺对坡地苹果园水土流失 和土壤养分流失的影响[J]. 应用生态学报,2016,27(9):2991-2999.
APA 李晶晶,邹超煜,&白岗栓.(2016).聚丙烯酰胺对坡地苹果园水土流失 和土壤养分流失的影响.应用生态学报,27(9),2991-2999.
MLA 李晶晶,et al."聚丙烯酰胺对坡地苹果园水土流失 和土壤养分流失的影响".应用生态学报 27.9(2016):2991-2999.
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