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黑岱沟露天煤矿优势植物叶片及 枯落物生态化学计量特征
马任甜1; 方 瑛1; 安韶山1,2; 赵俊峰1; 肖 礼1
2016
Source Publication土 壤 学 报
Volume53Issue:4Pages:1103-1114
Abstract

以准格尔黑岱沟露天煤矿复垦区8种优势种植物的叶片及对应叶片枯落物为研究对
象,通过对其碳、氮、磷、钾含量及生态化学计量学特征的研究,探讨退化生态系统植物内稳性、
不同植被类型与N P限制率的关系,以期为黄土高原植被恢复与重建以及不同物种的合理配置提供合
理建议,为完善生态化学计量学理论提供支撑。结果表明,不同植物叶片C 、N 、P、K 的变化范围
分别为418.2~564.1、7.19~33.21、0.82~2.37、4.98~32.77 g kg -1 。不同植物叶片的生态化学计
量学特征N ∶P、P∶K 、N ∶K 、C∶N 、C∶P、C∶K 比变化范围分别为7.16~22.45、0.036~0.23、
0.70~4.55、14.92~64.44、218.54~557.36、12.78~121.14。该地区3种植被类型钾含量差异显著,
草本植物叶片钾含量显著高于乔木林和灌木林。不同植被类型植物叶片N ∶P比表现为灌木(18.86)>
草本(15.44)>乔木(14.68),说明该区灌木林主要受P含量的限制,草本和乔木植物主要受N 、P含
量共同限制,该地区植被恢复应该以灌木为主

Other Abstract

Carbon,nitrogen,phosphorus and potassium ,being elem ents essential to
plant growth,play im portant roles in the growth and developm ent of plants and functioning of the individuals.
Ecological stoichiom etry is a discipline integrating the principles of ecology and stoichiom etry and studying
energy balance and m ass balance of m ultiple chem ical elem ents in living system s,and can be used to analyze
constraints and consequences of these m ass balances during ecological interactions. 【M ethod】This paper
was to characterize contents and eco-stoichiom etric proportions of carbon(C),nitrogen(N ),phosphorus
(P)and potassium (K )in leaves and litter of eight dom inant species of plants,i.e. Pinus tabuliformis,
Populus L.,Robinia pseudoacacia L.,Hippophae rhamnoides,Amorpha fruticosa Linn,Stipa bungeana  Trin,Medicago sativa Linn,Agropyron cristatum(Linn.)G aertn,in three different types of vegetation
(forest,shrub,and grass)in the revegetated area of the H eidaigou opencast coal m ining,Zhungeer,Inner
M ongolia by m eans of field surveying and sam pling and in-lab analysis,and further to explore relationships
of plant hom eostasis of degraded ecosystem s with vegetation type and N P lim iting rate,in an attem pt to
provide som e proposals for rational com bination of plant species in restoring and/or reestablishing vegetation
on the Loess Plateau and som e evidence for perfecting the theory of eco-stoichiom etry. 【R esult】R esults
show that the content of C,N ,P and K varied in the range of 418.2~564.1,7.19~33.21,0.82~2.37 and
4.98~32.77 g kg -1 ,respectively in leaves of the plants,and in the range of 368.9 ~562.3,3.98 ~22.65,
0.58~0.97 and 1.18 ~20.98 g kg -1 ,respectively in litter of the plants. A m ong the eight species of plants,
a decreasing order of non-nitrogen-fixing plant Hippophae rhamnoides > nitrogen-fixing plants > the other
non-nitrogen-fixing plants was observed. The leaves were higher than the litter in content of total carbon,
nitrogen,phosphorus and potassium ,especially N content in the leaves,which was even slightly higher than
the average of the country. But the P content in the leaves was lower than the average of the country. A m ong
the three types of vegetations,a decreasing order of shrubbery > forest plants > grass was found in content
of organic carbon in leaves;an order of shrubbery > grass > forest in TN and TP and an order of grass >
shrubury > forest in TK . Eco-stoichiom etric characteristics of C,N ,P and K in leaves and litter varied with
species of the plant and the ratio of N ∶P,P∶K ,N ∶K ,C∶N ,C∶P and C∶K varied in the range of
7.16~22.45,0.036~0.23,0.70~4.55,14.92~64.44,218.54~557.36 and 12.78~121.14,respectively
in leaves and in the range of 6.97~23.78,0.076~0.64,0.92~6.71,16.09~160.28,292.89~1096.02
and 20.24~795.31,respectively,in litter. In term s of N ∶P ratio in leaves,the three types of vegetations
followed an order of shrubbery(18.86)> grass(15.44)> forest(14.68),indicating that P is the
m ajor lim iting factor for growth of shrub plants,while N and P the two factors lim iting developm ent of forest
and grass vegetations. 【Conclusion】It could,therefore,be concluded that for revegetation of the area,
shrubs are the priority choice. A ll the findings in the study m ay provide theoretical and practical guidance for
restoration and re-establishm ent of vegetation in the Zhungeer H eidaigou opencast coal m ining area.

Keyword露天煤矿 植物类型 叶片 枯落物 生态化学计量学
Indexed By中文核心期刊要目总览
Language中文
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iswc.ac.cn/handle/361005/8605
Collection水保所知识产出(1956---)
Affiliation1.西北农林科技大学资源环境学院,陕西杨凌 712100
2.西北农林科技大学黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室,陕西杨凌 712100
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
马任甜,方 瑛,安韶山,等. 黑岱沟露天煤矿优势植物叶片及 枯落物生态化学计量特征[J]. 土 壤 学 报,2016,53(4):1103-1114.
APA 马任甜,方 瑛,安韶山,赵俊峰,&肖 礼.(2016).黑岱沟露天煤矿优势植物叶片及 枯落物生态化学计量特征.土 壤 学 报,53(4),1103-1114.
MLA 马任甜,et al."黑岱沟露天煤矿优势植物叶片及 枯落物生态化学计量特征".土 壤 学 报 53.4(2016):1103-1114.
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