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黄土高原不同生长阶段油松人工林土壤微生物 生物量碳的变化及其影响因素
邱甜甜1; 刘国彬1,2; 王国梁1,2; 孙利鹏1; 姚旭1
2016
Source Publication应用生态学报
Volume27Issue:3Pages:681-687
Abstract

以撂荒地为对照,油松人工幼龄林( 13 ~ 15 a) 、中龄林( 25 ~ 27 a) 和成熟林( 41 ~ 43
a) 为研究对象,分析了黄土高原典型油松人工林不同生长阶段土壤微生物生物量碳的变化特
征及其影响因素.结果表明: 油松幼龄林、中龄林和成熟林土壤微生物生物量碳分别为93.08、
122.64 和191. 34 mg·kg-1,随发育阶段呈显著增加趋势,且显著高于撂荒地( 42. 93
mg·kg-1 ) .土壤微生物生物量碳随土层深度呈逐渐降低的趋势,在0 ~ 20 cm 土层油松幼龄
林、中龄林和成熟林较撂荒地分别提高了134.2%、221.7%和375.7%,在20 ~ 40 cm 土层分别
提高了101.3%、164.3%和337.5%,在40 ~ 60 cm 土层分别提高了103.1%、146.2%和303.0%.
油松胸径、高度、根系生物量以及枯落物的厚度、生物量、全氮含量与土壤微生物生物量碳呈
显著正相关; 土壤有机碳、全氮含量及土壤含水量与土壤微生物生物量碳呈显著正相关.主成
分分析表明,油松根系生物量、枯落物生物量和土壤有机碳含量是影响黄土高原油松人工林
微生物特征的主要因子.油松生长过程中,枯落物和根系凋落物显著影响了土壤有机碳含量,
提高了土壤微生物生物量碳.

Other Abstract

By taking an abandoned land as control and the young ( 13-15 year-old) ,middle-age
( 25-27 year-old) and mature ( 41-43 year-old) plantations of Pinus tabuliformis as research objects,
the variation characteristics and impact factors of soil microbial biomass carbon ( MBC) for
the P. tabuliformis plantations in 0-60 cm soil layer were studied. Results showed that the average
MBC at the young,middle-age and mature plantations was 93.08,122.64 and 191.34 mg·kg-1,
respectively,which showed a significant increase with growth stage and was significantly higher than
the abandoned land ( 42.93 mg·kg-1 ) . The average MBC contents gradually decreased with soil
depth. Compared with the abandoned land,the average MBC at the young,middle-aged and mature
plantations respectively increased by 134. 2%,221. 7% and 375.7% in the 0 - 20 cm soil layer,
101.3%,164.3% and 337.5% in the 20-40 cm soil layer,and 103.1%,146.2% and 303.0% in
40-60 cm soil layer. The MBC for the whole soil layer of 60 cm had a highly significant correlation
with the DBH,height and root biomass of the P. tabuliformis plantation,as well as the thickness,
biomass and total nitrogen of litter. Meanwhile,the MBC also showed significant correlations with
soil organic carbon ( SOC) ,total nitrogen and moisture content. Principal component analysisshowed that the root biomass,litter biomass and SOC were the principal factors affecting MBC. The
P. tabuliformis plantation significantly increased SOC content mainly through litter of leaf and root
and improved the MBC in the growth process.

Keyword植被恢复 生长阶段 土壤微生物生物量碳 土壤理化性质
Language中文
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iswc.ac.cn/handle/361005/8573
Collection水保所知识产出(1956---)
Affiliation1.西北农林科技大学水土保持研究所
2.中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
邱甜甜,刘国彬,王国梁,等. 黄土高原不同生长阶段油松人工林土壤微生物 生物量碳的变化及其影响因素[J]. 应用生态学报,2016,27(3):681-687.
APA 邱甜甜,刘国彬,王国梁,孙利鹏,&姚旭.(2016).黄土高原不同生长阶段油松人工林土壤微生物 生物量碳的变化及其影响因素.应用生态学报,27(3),681-687.
MLA 邱甜甜,et al."黄土高原不同生长阶段油松人工林土壤微生物 生物量碳的变化及其影响因素".应用生态学报 27.3(2016):681-687.
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