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地膜- 秸秆双重覆盖模式下果园土壤 养分含量研究
蔡铭阳1; 谢永生1,3; 索改弟2; 丁新辉3,4
2016
Source Publication干旱地区农业研究
Volume34Issue:6Pages:184-196
Abstract

为了研究地膜- 秸秆双重覆盖模式对渭北旱塬果园土壤养分含量的影响, 对5 个不同处理( 地膜压玉
米秆双重覆盖、地膜压短麦秆双重覆盖、长麦秆压地膜双重覆盖、地膜压长麦秆双重覆盖和无覆盖清耕对照) 下果
园0  ̄ 1 0 0c m 土层深度范围内的土壤养分含量进行测定, 并统计了苹果产量。结果表明: 地膜- 秸秆双重覆盖模式
能显著提高果园土壤养分平均含量, 并提升养分有效性; 其中地膜压短麦秆双重覆盖处理综合效果最佳, 土壤有机
质、全氮、碱解氮、速效磷、速效钾含量均显著高于无覆盖对照( P < 0 . 05 ) , 提高比例分别为29 . 72 % 、8 . 8 2 % 、
1 9 . 35 % 、5 1 . 8 7 % 、22 . 66 % ; 碱解氮含量提高比例高于全氮, 说明该模式能够提高氮肥有效性。与无覆盖对照相比,
地膜- 秸秆双重覆盖模式对土壤剖面养分垂直变异影响不明显, 均呈现出随深度增加先降低后缓慢递增的趋势。
从提高土壤养分含量和提升其养分有效性的角度出发, 利用地膜压短麦秆双重覆盖模式进行果园土壤管理可以成
为实现渭北旱塬果园高产、优产、稳产的有效途径之一。

Other Abstract

In orde r to i nves t i
g at e the i nf luence of  fi lm
- st rawmulch ingpat te rn o ns oi l nut rient  cont ent i n anappl e
orcha rd ofWei bei dr
yland ,
so il nut rient c ontent a cros s the 0
? 1 00cm s oi l profil e un der fiv emul ching t reatment s
,i n -
e ludingplas t ic fi lm co vering
maiz e straw ,pl as ti c filmco vering
sho rt wheat s t raw, lo ng 
wheat  st raw cov eri ngpl as ti c fi lm ,
pl ast ic fi lm c overing
l ong
whea t st raw andan on-mulching
cont rol
,was meas uredand the appl ey
i eldwasr ecor dedas
w ell . Re sul t s s howed that  film

 st rawmul chi ng pat t ern  coulds i
gnifi candy 
incre ase the av erage so il nutri ent  cont ent and
nut ri ent av a il ab il i ty . Th e tr eatment of
pl asticfi lm cov eri ng s ho rt whe at st r aw showe d the be st co mpr ehensi ve eff ect . Its
c ont ent of  so il org anic ma tt er
,t ot alni trog en , alk al i
-hydr olys abl eni t r oge n , ava ilable
pho sphoru s  andav ai l abl e
pot assi um
we re s igni fic an t ly
hi gher thanthos eof  the non- mulc hing 
cont rol by 
29 .
72 % 、8 . 8 2 % 、1 9 . 3 5 % 、5 1
? 87 %and22 . 66 % ,
r espec ti ve l
y(
P<0 . 05
) . The i ncr eas ing  per cent age of  alkali
-h
ydro l
y sabl eni tr ogen cont ent was hi
gher  than that  of  to tal
ni tr og
e n cont ent
, indi cati ng
that  the
patt ern couldi nc reas etheavai labil ity 
o f nit rog en fert il i z er
. Howev er ,com
pared t o
the cont rol
, film
- st rawmul ching pat t ern  ha dno s i gn if i cant ef Tec t on the v erti cal v ari at i onof  s oi lnutrie nt cont ent  along
the
pr ofi l e .They
alls howeda  tr endtha t so il nutri ent cont ent de crea se dat fir st andtheni ncrease dsl owl y
wi th so il dept h .
It  couldbe s peculat ed that wi th the improveme nt  of  soi l nut r ient c ont ent  and nutrient avai la bil i ty , themul chin
g pl as ti c fi lm cove ring
s hor twheat st raw  couldbeus edaso ne of themos t efect iv emea sure sthat i s h el pfuli nreac hi ng 
hi gh

ield ,exc elle nt
 quality 
andd ependab l ec rop
in Weib eidr
y l and
mode o

Keyword苹果园 地膜- 秸秆双重覆盖 土壤养分 土壤剖面 渭北旱塬
Indexed By中文核心期刊要目总览
Language中文
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iswc.ac.cn/handle/361005/8547
Collection水保所知识产出(1956-2013)
Affiliation1.西北农林科技大学水土保持研究所
2.西北农林科技大学资源与环境学院
3.中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所
4.中国科学院大学
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
蔡铭阳,谢永生,索改弟,等. 地膜- 秸秆双重覆盖模式下果园土壤 养分含量研究[J]. 干旱地区农业研究,2016,34(6):184-196.
APA 蔡铭阳,谢永生,索改弟,&丁新辉.(2016).地膜- 秸秆双重覆盖模式下果园土壤 养分含量研究.干旱地区农业研究,34(6),184-196.
MLA 蔡铭阳,et al."地膜- 秸秆双重覆盖模式下果园土壤 养分含量研究".干旱地区农业研究 34.6(2016):184-196.
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