ISWC OpenIR  > 水保所知识产出(1956-2013)
黄土高原雨水集聚深层入渗( RWCI) 系统 下山地果园土壤水分时空变异特征
宋小林1,3; 赵西宁2,3,4; 高晓东2,3; 吴普特1,2,3; 马文3,4
2017
Source Publication应用生态学报
Volume28Issue:11Pages:3544-3552
Abstract

水资源短缺是影响黄土高原雨养农业发展的关键性因素,雨水资源开发是缓解该地
区水资源短缺的有效措施.本研究利用管式TDR 系统监测21 年红富士老果园0 ~ 300 cm 土
层土壤含水率变化,分析了雨水集聚深层入渗( RWCI) 系统下黄土高原旱作山地果园土壤水
分时空分布特征.结果表明: RWCI 系统能够显著增加果园土壤含水率,特别是40 ~ 80 cm 土
层( 土壤含水率低值区) 土壤含水率,在该区域,不同设计深度( 40、60 和80 cm) RWCI 处理
( RWCI40、RWCI60
和RWCI80
) 年均土壤含水率分别较鱼鳞坑( CK) 处理提高75.3%、85.4%和
62.4%,分别较裸露坡地( BS) 处理提高39.2%、47.2%和29.1%.RWCI40、RWCI60
和RWCI80
处理
土壤水分入渗最大深度分别为80、120 和180 cm,显著深于CK 处理( 60 cm) ,其中土壤水分
变化幅度最大的土层分别主要发生在0~60、0~100 和0~120 cm.在果树整个生育期内,RWCI
处理土壤平均含水率( 0~300 cm) 以RWCI80
处理最大,其次是RWCI40
和RWCI60
处理.总体来
看,RWCI 系统是黄土高原实现雨水资源化和农业高效用水的有效措施.

Other Abstract

Water scarcity is a critical factor influencing rain-fed agricultural production on the Loess
Plateau,and the exploitation of rainwater is an effective avenue to alleviate water scarcity in this
area. This study was conducted to investigate the spatial and temporal distribution of soil moisture in
the 0-300 cm under a 21-year-old apple orchard with the rainwater collection and infiltration ( RWCI)
system by using a time domain reflectometer ( TDR) probe on the Loess Plateau. The results
showed that there was a low soil moisture zone in the 40-80 cm under the CK,and the RWCI system
significantly increased soil moisture in this depth interval. Over this depth,the annual average
soil moisture under RWCI40
,RWCI60 and RWCI80 was 39.2%,47.2% and 29.1% higher than that
of bare slope ( BS) and 75.3%,85.4% and 62.7% higher than that of CK,respectively. The maxi-mum infiltration depth of water under RWCI40
,RWCI60 and RWCI80 was 80 cm,120 cm and 180
cm,respectively,and the soil moisture in the 0-60,0-100 and 0-120 cm was more affected by
RWCI40
,RWCI60 and RWCI80
,respectively. Over the whole growth period of apple tree,the maximum
value of soil moisture content in the 0-300 cm existed in the RWCI80 treatment,followed by
the RWCI40 and RWCI60 treatments. Overall,the RWCI system is an effective meaning of transforming
rainwater to available water resources and realizing efficient use of agricultural water on the
Loess Plateau.

Keyword黄土高原 山地果园 土壤水分 季节变化 垂直变化
Indexed By中文核心期刊要目总览
Language中文
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iswc.ac.cn/handle/361005/8501
Collection水保所知识产出(1956-2013)
Affiliation1.西北农林科技大学机械与电子工程学院
2.西北农林科技大学水土保持研究所
3.西北农林科技大学中国旱区节水农业研究院
4.西北农林科技大学水利与建筑工程学院
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
宋小林,赵西宁,高晓东,等. 黄土高原雨水集聚深层入渗( RWCI) 系统 下山地果园土壤水分时空变异特征[J]. 应用生态学报,2017,28(11):3544-3552.
APA 宋小林,赵西宁,高晓东,吴普特,&马文.(2017).黄土高原雨水集聚深层入渗( RWCI) 系统 下山地果园土壤水分时空变异特征.应用生态学报,28(11),3544-3552.
MLA 宋小林,et al."黄土高原雨水集聚深层入渗( RWCI) 系统 下山地果园土壤水分时空变异特征".应用生态学报 28.11(2017):3544-3552.
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