ISWC OpenIR  > 水保所知识产出(1956---)
黄土地与沙地生物结皮的发育特征及其生态功能异同①
李茹雪1; 杨永胜2; 孟杰3; 杨建振3; 卜崇峰1,4
2017
Source Publication干旱区研究
Volume34Issue:5Pages:1063-1069
Abstract

基于课题组已有研究成果,选取陕北水蚀风蚀交错区内气候条件相同但土壤质地迥异的试验区,探讨黄土
地和沙地生物结皮发育特征及其生态效应的异同。结果表明: ① 苔藓结皮是2 种土地生物结皮的重要类型,其中,
黄土地的优势藓种为尖叶对齿藓〔Didymodon constrictus ( Mitt. ) Saito. 〕、真藓( Bryum argenteum Hedw. ) 、狭网真藓
( B. algovicum Sendt. ) ; 沙地的优势藓种为黄色真藓( B. pallescens Scheich. ) 、弯叶真藓( B. recurvulum Mitt. ) 、银叶真
藓( B. argenteum Hedw. ) 。沙地乔灌植物下生物结皮盖度( 77. 5%) 、厚度( 11. 8 mm) 及容重( 1. 9 g·cm- 3 ) 均高于
黄土地生物结皮,而黄土地多年生草本植物下生物结皮抗剪强度( 26. 5 kPa) 高于沙地生物结皮,总体上,沙地生物
结皮发育的更好。② 黄土地的入渗增幅和0 ~ 200 cm 剖面的平均土壤含水率增幅均显著高于沙地( P < 0. 05) ,且
在旱季和雨季其0 ~ 200 cm 剖面的平均土壤含水率增幅分别比沙地高1. 4%和1. 9%。③ 两地生物结皮均表现出
了较好的减蚀作用,其减蚀效率分别为81. 0%和90. 6%。 

Other Abstract

Biological soil crusts play an important role in arid and semiarid ecosystems. Based on the available research
achievements of our team, the experimental areas with the similar climatic conditions and different soil textures
in the wind-water erosion region on the Loess Plateau were selected to study the similarities and differences of
development and ecological functions of biological soil crusts between loessland and Mu Us sandy land. The results
are as follows: ① The main biological soil crust species in both loessland land and sandy land were moss crusts.
The species composition of moss crusts were Bryum argenteum Hedw. ,B. caepititicium Hedw. and B. algovicum
Sendt. in loessland,but the B. pallescens,B. recurvulum and B. argenteum in sandy land. The highest coverage of biological
soil crusts under arbor-shrub vegetation was 77. 5% in sandy land,and the lowest one under perennial herbs
was 50. 5% in loessland. In sandy land the thickest biological soil crust under annual herbs was 11. 8 mm,and the
thinnest one under perennial herbs was 9. 5 mm; the highest shear strength of biological soil crusts under perennial
herbs in loessland was 26. 5 kPa,and the lowest one under perennial herbs in sandy land was 3. 5 kPa; the highest
density of biological soil crusts under annual herbs in sandy land was 1. 9 g·cm - 3,and the lowest one under perennial
herbs in loessland was 1. 1 g·cm - 3 ; ② When the values of precipitation in loessland and sandy land were
8. 0 mm and 40. 5 mm respectively, the soil infiltration rate in loessland was significantly higher than that in sandy
land,but for the total infiltration ( sum of increased soil moisture) , there was no significant difference between loessland
and sandy land; ③ The average increase of soil moisture content at 0 - 200 cm soil profile in loessland was
1. 4% and 1. 9% higher than that in sandy land; ④ Whether there were herbs or not,biological soil crusts had positive
effects on soil loss reduction in both loessland and sandy land,and the highest contribution of biological soil
crusts to soil loss reduction in sandy land was 90. 6%,and the lowest one in loessland was only 0. 3%.

Keyword黄土地 沙地 生物结皮 土壤含水率 侵蚀 减蚀效率 陕西
Indexed By中文核心期刊要目总览
Language中文
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iswc.ac.cn/handle/361005/8499
Collection水保所知识产出(1956---)
Affiliation1.西北农林科技大学水土保持研究所
2.中国科学院西北高原生物研究所
3.西北农林科技大学资源与环境学院
4.中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
李茹雪,杨永胜,孟杰,等. 黄土地与沙地生物结皮的发育特征及其生态功能异同①[J]. 干旱区研究,2017,34(5):1063-1069.
APA 李茹雪,杨永胜,孟杰,杨建振,&卜崇峰.(2017).黄土地与沙地生物结皮的发育特征及其生态功能异同①.干旱区研究,34(5),1063-1069.
MLA 李茹雪,et al."黄土地与沙地生物结皮的发育特征及其生态功能异同①".干旱区研究 34.5(2017):1063-1069.
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