ISWC OpenIR  > 水保所知识产出(1956-2013)
雨滴击溅对耕作层土壤团聚体粒径分布的影响
付玉1; 李光录1,2; 郑腾辉1; 李柏桥3; 张腾4
2017
Source Publication农业工程学报
Volume33Issue:3Pages:155-160
Abstract

为研究不同雨滴直径的降雨对耕作层团聚体的破碎及其粒径分布特征的影响,该文选取4 个雨滴直径(2.67~
3.79 mm)对耕层土壤(0~20 cm)团聚体进行雨滴击溅试验,每次试验各滴5 000 滴,每1 000 滴收集1 次溅蚀团聚体。
结果表明:1)所有收集次序中雨滴直径3.79 mm 溅蚀量最大,累积雨滴数为2 000、3 000 和4 000 时,溅蚀量与雨滴直
径均呈显著的指数函数关系。2)各雨滴直径的溅蚀量随粒径减小呈增大-减小-增大趋势,>2 mm 粒径的溅蚀量几乎为0,<
0.053 mm 粒径的溅蚀量随雨滴直径增大而增大。3)相同雨滴直径不同累积雨滴数之间平均重量直径值差异不显著,相同
累积雨滴数不同雨滴直径之间平均重量直径值差异不显著(P<0.05)。4)不同雨滴直径溅蚀团聚体富集率随粒径变化一致,>
1 mm 粒径溅蚀量团聚体富集率值接近0,0.053~1 mm 粒径团聚体富集,>1 mm 粒径团聚体主要破碎成0.053~1 mm 粒
径团聚体,且粒级越小,富集率越高。研究可为黄土高原地区水土保持提供理论依据。

Other Abstract

Splash erosion, which is a main dynamic for the detachment and transport of soil aggregates, is the initial stage of
soil water erosion. Soil aggregate is a crucial indicator determining the plough layer soil fertility. Destruction of the plough
layer aggregate has a negative effect on the content of soil available water and soil fertility, destroying the soil structure and
restricting agricultural development of the Loess Plateau. To determine the effect of raindrop diameters on the breakdown of
soil aggregates of plough layer and the characteristic of splashed fragment size distribution in the process of raindrop splash
erosion, an artificially simulated raindrop splash experiment was conducted with 4 raindrop diameters (2.67, 3.05, 3.39 and
3.79 mm) using a self-designed simulated device that had a circular room with a 10-cm diameter for placing soil samples. The
soil sample was collected from the soil plough layer (0-20 cm) with a steel ring (10 cm in diameter). The sampling site was
located in a traditional agricultural planting region in Yangling of Shanxi Province (108°03′29″E, 34°18′24″N). Each raindrop
diameter splash test was replicated 3 times. For each raindrop diameter, 5000 raindrops were dripped from a generator device
on sample, and splashed aggregate fragments were collected every 1000 raindrops. The splashed fragments were sieved with
aperture (2, 1, 0.5, 0.25, 0.106, 0.053 mm) using an aggregate analyzer (HR-TTF-100). All aggregate fragments were oven
dried for 24 h at 105°C and weighed. The results showed that the splash amount among the collected order was not
significantly different for raindrop diameter 2.67 and 3.05 mm, whereas, the splash amount of the II-V order was significantly
lower than that of the I order for raindrop diameter 3.39 and 3.79 mm. An exponential function could be used to describe the
relationship between splash amount and raindrop diameter when raindrop accumulation number was 2000-4000 (P<0.05). For
all the raindrop diameters, the total splash amount presented an up-down-up trend as the particle size decreased. The amount of
splashed fragments >2 mm was almost 0 for each raindrop diameter test. However, the amounts of splashed aggregates <
0.053 mm increased with the increase of raindrop diameter. There was no significant difference in mean weight diameter of
splashed fragments among different accumulation raindrop numbers or different raindrop diameters (P>0.05). The variation
in enrichment ratio with the fragment size was consistent under different raindrop diameters. Compared with the undisturbed
soil, the splashed fragments in particle size >1 mm and < 0.053 mm were decreased for all raindrop diameters. However, the
enrichment ratios of splashed fragments of the other particle sizes were greater than 1. The results can provide valuable
information for agricultural development in the Loess Plateau.

Keyword侵蚀 团聚体 粒径 雨滴击溅 富集率 黄土高原
Indexed By中文核心期刊要目总览
Language中文
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iswc.ac.cn/handle/361005/8485
Collection水保所知识产出(1956-2013)
Affiliation1.西北农林科技大学水土保持研究所
2.西北农林科技大学资源环境学院
3.绵阳市农业科学研究院
4.中国电建集团华东勘测设计研究院有限公司
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
付玉,李光录,郑腾辉,等. 雨滴击溅对耕作层土壤团聚体粒径分布的影响[J]. 农业工程学报,2017,33(3):155-160.
APA 付玉,李光录,郑腾辉,李柏桥,&张腾.(2017).雨滴击溅对耕作层土壤团聚体粒径分布的影响.农业工程学报,33(3),155-160.
MLA 付玉,et al."雨滴击溅对耕作层土壤团聚体粒径分布的影响".农业工程学报 33.3(2017):155-160.
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