ISWC OpenIR  > 水保所知识产出(1956---)
西北五省(区)耕地质量等别差异性比较
王凤娇1; 杨延征2; 上官周平1
2015
Source Publication干 旱 地 区 农 业 研 究
Volume33Issue:2Pages:230-236
Abstract

为了明确西北地区耕地等别分布特征及在全国耕地等别中的整体水平,以西北 5 省(区)农用地分等
国家级汇总成果为基础,分析了西北地区耕地等别数量特点、耕地等别空间分异特征和耕地质量的影响因素。结
果表明:西北地区中、低等地分布广泛,面积比例高达 93. 04%,耕地平均等别比全国平均等别 9. 8 等低 2. 1 个等
别;西北地区各自然质量等地和利用等地分布的总体趋势基本一致,高等地主要分布在陕西(60. 82%和 86. 48%),
中等地主要分布在新疆(50. 99% 和 50. 54%),低等地主要分布在甘肃和陕西(53. 4%、31. 76% 和 46. 87%、26.
31%),青海和宁夏耕地面积较小,且以中低等地为主;各经济等地分布略有不同,即高等地主要分布在新疆(85.
12%),中等地主要分布在新疆和陕西(60. 86%和 26. 98%),低等地主要分布在甘肃和陕西(48. 95% 和 30. 74%),
青海省以低等地为主,宁夏以中低等地面积比例较大;西北地区耕地质量主要受到地貌结构、土壤条件和农田基本
建设 3 类因素的影响,且各类影响因素在西北各省域内的分布差别主要决定于各省(区)主导因素的差异,从而进
一步控制西北地区耕地质量的空间分布规律。

Other Abstract

 In order to evaluate the distribution characteristics of the arable lands in Northwest China and its status
in the whole country,based on the accomplishments of cultivated land classification at the national level for the five
provinces in Northwest China,the quantitative and grade and spatial distribution characteristics of the arable lands were
analyzed in Northwest China,as well as the influential factors on land qualities. The results showed that medium and low
grade lands were broadly distributed,up to 93.04% of the area. The average arable grade was 11.9,2.1 lower than the
national average level (9.8). The distribution of arable land natural quality and utilization grade were roughly the same
in Northwest China. High-grade arable lands were mainly in Shaanxi,medium-grade arable lands were mainly in Xin-
jiang,and low-grade arable lands were mainly in Gansu and Shaanxi. Arable land area in Qinghai and Ningxia were
small,majority of which was medium or low-grade. In addition,the distributions of arable land economic grade were
slightly different. High-grade arable lands were mainly in Xinjiang,medium-grade arable lands were mainly in Xinjiang
and Shaanxi,and low-grade arable lands were mainly in Gansu and Shaanxi. Qinghai had large area of low-grade arable
lands,and Ningxia had large area of lower-grade lands. The arable land quality of Northwest China was mainly influ-
enced by geomorphological structure,soil conditions and basic farmland constructions. Factors that influenced the varia-
tions in spatial distributions in different provinces were mainly determined by different dominant factors of the provinces,
which further controlled the spatial distribution characteristics of the arable land quality in Northwest China.

Keyword土地利用 耕地质量 分等 西北地区
Indexed By中文核心期刊要目总览
Language中文
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iswc.ac.cn/handle/361005/8458
Collection水保所知识产出(1956---)
Affiliation1.西北农林科技大学黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室,陕西 杨凌 712100
2.西北农林科技大学林学院,陕西 杨凌 712100
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
王凤娇,杨延征,上官周平. 西北五省(区)耕地质量等别差异性比较[J]. 干 旱 地 区 农 业 研 究,2015,33(2):230-236.
APA 王凤娇,杨延征,&上官周平.(2015).西北五省(区)耕地质量等别差异性比较.干 旱 地 区 农 业 研 究,33(2),230-236.
MLA 王凤娇,et al."西北五省(区)耕地质量等别差异性比较".干 旱 地 区 农 业 研 究 33.2(2015):230-236.
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