ISWC OpenIR  > 水保所知识产出(1956---)
黄土塬区麦田能量平衡特征
苑旭1; 朱元骏1,2; 刘文兆1,2; 韩晓阳2
2017
Source Publication干旱地区农业研究
Volume35Issue:2Pages:227-262
Abstract

以黄土塬区冬小麦田为研究对象,基于涡度相关数据分析麦田能量平衡的日变化、季节变化和能量
分配特征及其主控因子。结果表明,长武塬区麦田全年获得的净辐射( Rn) 为2. 56 × 103 MJ·m- 2·a - 1 ,涡度相关
系统的能量闭合度达到0. 72。冬小麦生育期内,越冬期和灌浆期麦田主要能量支配项为感热通量( H) ,最大值出
现在6 月,为7. 09 MJ·m- 2·d - 1 ; 其他生育期和休闲期,主要能量支配项为潜热通量( LE) ,最大值出现在5 月,为
10. 71 MJ·m- 2·d - 1。波文比( β) 在生育期平均值为0. 57,休闲期为0. 46。土壤热通量( G) 年总量为- 15. 26 MJ
·m- 2·a - 1 ,日总量最大值出现在6 月,为1. 85 MJ·m- 2·d - 1 ,10 月至次年1 月为负值,表现土壤释放热量。

Other Abstract

In this paper,eddy covariance data from a winter wheat field on the Loess Tableland were used to
investigate the temporal variation of energy components,as well as the characteristics of energy partitioning and its
main controlling factors. Results showed that the total net radiation ( Rn) throughout the year was 2. 56 × 103 MJ·
m - 2·a - 1,and the energy balance closure degree was 0. 72. In the wintering and grain filling periods,the energy
components were dominated by upward sensible heat flux ( H) ,with a maximum value of 7. 09 MJ·m - 2·d - 1 occurring
in June. However,in other growing stages and the fallow period,the energy components were dominated by
upward latent heat flux ( LE) ,with a maximum value of 10. 71 MJ·m - 2·d - 1 occurring in May. The average of
Bowen ratio ( β) was 0. 57 in growing season and 0. 46 in the fallow period. The annual total amount of soil heat
flux ( G) was - 15. 26 MJ·m - 2·a - 1 . The daily total amount of soil heat flux ( G) reached a maximum value of
1. 85 MJ·m - 2·d - 1 in June,and it was negative from October to the next January,which showed the release of
heat from soil.

Keyword冬小麦 涡度相关法 能量平衡 潜热通量 感热通量 黄土高原
Indexed By中文核心期刊要目总览
Language中文
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iswc.ac.cn/handle/361005/8431
Collection水保所知识产出(1956---)
Affiliation1.西北农林科技大学水土保持研究所,黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室
2.中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
苑旭,朱元骏,刘文兆,等. 黄土塬区麦田能量平衡特征[J]. 干旱地区农业研究,2017,35(2):227-262.
APA 苑旭,朱元骏,刘文兆,&韩晓阳.(2017).黄土塬区麦田能量平衡特征.干旱地区农业研究,35(2),227-262.
MLA 苑旭,et al."黄土塬区麦田能量平衡特征".干旱地区农业研究 35.2(2017):227-262.
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