ISWC OpenIR  > 水保所知识产出(1956---)
黄土丘陵区旱作枣树规格与枣林耗水量关系研究
汪星1; 高志永2; 高建恩1,3; 汪有科1,3; 聂真义4
2017
Source Publication农业机械学报
Volume48Issue:5Pages:227-236
Abstract

以枣树为研究对象,通过对自然生长枣林与矮化密植枣林、截干枣林、极端矮化的枣树及不同修剪强度枣林
土壤水分进行监测,采用水量平衡法分析上述情况下枣林耗水特点及枣树水分利用效率。结果表明: 自然生长枣
林每年在土壤中耗水量较矮化密植枣林大6. 54 mm,耗水深度较矮化密植枣林大13. 3 cm,水分利用效率最小,
2014、2015 年分别为2. 1、1. 8 kg /m3 ; 12 龄枣林实施截干处理3 年,其林下土壤水分恢复深度达460 cm,每年恢复
深度达153. 3 cm,是形成干层速度的3. 41 倍; 极端矮化枣树规格降低1 /2,其耗水量为同龄枣林的25%,水分利用
效率是同龄枣林的1. 26 倍; 枣树不同修剪强度与其蒸腾耗水关系紧密,随着修剪强度加大枣树蒸腾耗水量减小,
林下土壤含水率可提高。研究显示,枣林可以通过对枣树规格的缩小来实现枣林耗水量及水分利用效率的调控,
黄土高原半干旱区年降水量波动较大,确定当地适宜修剪强度指标时,建议参考多年平均降水量来制定。

Other Abstract

In order to investigate the relationships between tree crown size and water consumption of rainfed
jujube plantations,soil moisture under different conditions ( natural planting,high-density dwarfing,
stem-cutting,extreme dwarfing and pruning with different intensities ) were measured by using the
CNC100 neutron gauges,meanwhile,water balance method was used to calculate the water consumption
and water use efficiency of above-mentioned jujube plantations. Results showed that compared with
natural plantation,high-density dwarfed jujube trees reduced annual water consumption of 6. 54 mm and
water consumption depth of 13. 3 cm,respectively. Moreover,it increased the water use efficiency to
1. 8 kg /m3 ( the lowest for natural jujube plantation was 2. 1 kg /m3 ) . The soil moisture restoration of
12 years old cutting stem jujube plantation reached 460 cm depth in the third year ( 153. 3 cm per year on
average) ,which was 3. 41 times faster than the formation of soil dry layer. Extremely dwarfed jujube with
half of normal crown size decreased the water consumption by 25% and improved the water use efficiency
by 1. 26 times of natural jujube plantation,respectively. Pruning is an effective approach to improve soil
water status and water use efficiency in jujube plantation because of the close relationship between crown
size and jujube water usage. Furthermore,the reasonable pruning intensity,which aimed to obtain high
yield and water use efficiency,should be determined based on local rainfall considering its high
variability in the semi-arid Loess Plateau.

Keyword枣树 旱作技术 林地耗水 黄土丘陵区
Indexed By中文核心期刊要目总览
Language中文
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iswc.ac.cn/handle/361005/8422
Collection水保所知识产出(1956---)
Affiliation1.中国科学院教育部水土保持与生态环境研究中心
2.杨凌职业技术学院水利工程分院
3.西北农林科技大学水利与建筑工程学院
4.西北农林科技大学水土保持研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
汪星,高志永,高建恩,等. 黄土丘陵区旱作枣树规格与枣林耗水量关系研究[J]. 农业机械学报,2017,48(5):227-236.
APA 汪星,高志永,高建恩,汪有科,&聂真义.(2017).黄土丘陵区旱作枣树规格与枣林耗水量关系研究.农业机械学报,48(5),227-236.
MLA 汪星,et al."黄土丘陵区旱作枣树规格与枣林耗水量关系研究".农业机械学报 48.5(2017):227-236.
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