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黄土高原丘陵区不同植被恢复方式下土壤水分特征 ———以桥子沟流域为例
马建业1; 李占斌2; 马波1; 王贺1; 张乐涛2; 李朝栋1
2017
Source Publication中国水土保持科学
Volume15Issue:4Pages:8-15
Abstract

为研究黄土高原丘陵沟壑区不同植被恢复方式下的土壤水分特征,以天水典型对比小流域———桥子西沟
( 自然恢复的荒草地) 和桥子东沟( 人工恢复的刺槐林地) 为例,基于2 流域5—8 月0 ~ 100 cm 深度土壤质量含水
量和氢氧同位素浓度,定量分析不同植被恢复方式下降水和坡向对土壤水分影响。结果表明: 以刺槐林地为主的
流域土壤含水量低于以荒草地为主的流域( 16. 72%) 约3. 70 %,对降水量的响应较弱,各土层含水量变异系数较
高。土壤水分存在临界变化深度,刺槐林地为主的流域在10 cm 以下含水量趋于稳定,最大蒸发深度为55 cm,荒草
地为主的流域在30 cm 以下含水量开始增加,最大蒸发深度为30 cm。两流域含水量均遵循阴坡> 半阴坡> 半阳
坡,δ18
O
的分布不符合这一规律。以刺槐林地为主的流域含水量随坡向变化较小,而以荒草地为主的流域受坡向影
响较大,坡向对土壤水分的影响受植被因子的制约。以自然恢复荒草地为主的恢复方式可以较好的增加土壤水库
蓄水量,有利于流域生态的可持续发展。

Other Abstract

[Background] The hilly and gully region of the Loess Plateau,which is suffering from
lacking in water resources,is the most serious soil erosion region in Loess Plateau. Generally,the soil
moisture is an effective indicator to evaluate the influence of soil and water conservation measures. The
objectives of this paper were to study the redistribution process of precipitation and the effect on the
stability of soil reservoir under different modes of vegetation recovery. [Methods]Based on paired
watersheds,the effect of precipitation and slope aspect on soil moisture were quantitatively analyzed under
different modes of vegetation restoration. Paired watersheds included two typical small watersheds in the
hilly and gully regions of Loess Plateau: Qiaozi West Watershed ( waste-grassland of natural restoration)and the Qiaozi East Watershed ( black locust forestland of artificial restoration) . Samples were collected
at 9 soil layers in the upstream,midstream and downstream of two paired watersheds. The 9 soil depths
were 0 - 2,2 - 4,5 - 15,15 - 25,25 - 35,35 - 45,45 - 65,65 - 85,and 85 - 100 cm,
respectively. This project was carried out about 4 times throughout the period from May to August.
Characteristics of soil mass water content and isotope concentration of hydrogen and oxygen ( δ18
O
) within
0 - 100 cm soil layer were calculated. [Results] The results showed that there were significant
differences in the redistribution of soil water under different vegetation restoration modes ( P < 0. 05) .
Soil water content of watershed mainly comprising of black locust forestland ( 16. 72%) is lower than that
of the watershed mainly comprising of waste-grassland ( 20. 42%) . The variation coefficient of soil water
content was relatively higher and the response of soil water content to precipitation was weaker in the
former watershed. Critical depth for soil moisture was identified for the two watersheds. The water content
was relatively stable ( about 12. 19%) under the soil depth about 10 cm in the black locust forestland.
However,the water content increased with the soil depth when the soil depth blew 30 cm in the wastegrassland.
The maximum evaporation depth of waste-grassland was 30 cm,which was shallower than that
in the black locust forestland ( about 55 cm) . The soil mass water content in different slope aspects in
Qiaozi West Watershed ranked in the follows: shady slope ( 19. 60%) ,half negative slope ( 17. 65%) ,
half-sunny slope ( 14. 24%) ,and the content were lower respectively about 6. 68%,4. 98%,1. 03% in
each slope aspect of Qiaozi East Watershed than the former watershed. Additionally,the concentration of
18O in different slope aspects ranked in the follows: negative slope ( - 5. 57‰) ,half-sunny slope
( - 5. 64‰) and shady slope ( - 6. 08‰ ) in Qiaozi West Watershed,while the concentration were
- 5. 74‰,- 6. 21‰,- 6. 03‰ in Qiaozi East Watershed,respectively. [Conclusions] There were
differences for soil moisture in the same slope aspect under different vegetation restoration modes in the
hilly and gully region of the Loess Plateau. In natural restoration watershed,the influence of slope aspect
on soil water content is greater than that of artificial restoration watershed. Compared with the artificial
restoration mode,the natural restoration can greatly increase the capacity of soil water storage,which is
beneficial to improve and sustain the watershed ecology.

Keyword对比流域 质量含水量 氢氧同位素 植被 坡向
Indexed By中文核心期刊要目总览
Language中文
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iswc.ac.cn/handle/361005/8411
Collection水保所知识产出(1956---)
Affiliation1.西北农林科技大学水土保持研究所,黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室
2.中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
马建业,李占斌,马波,等. 黄土高原丘陵区不同植被恢复方式下土壤水分特征 ———以桥子沟流域为例[J]. 中国水土保持科学,2017,15(4):8-15.
APA 马建业,李占斌,马波,王贺,张乐涛,&李朝栋.(2017).黄土高原丘陵区不同植被恢复方式下土壤水分特征 ———以桥子沟流域为例.中国水土保持科学,15(4),8-15.
MLA 马建业,et al."黄土高原丘陵区不同植被恢复方式下土壤水分特征 ———以桥子沟流域为例".中国水土保持科学 15.4(2017):8-15.
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