ISWC OpenIR  > 水保所知识产出(1956-2013)
黄土高原南北主要类型土壤氮组分相关关系研究
党亚爱1,2; 王立青3; 张 敏2
2015
Source Publication土 壤
Volume47Issue:3Pages:490-495
Abstract

黄土高原作为典型生态脆弱区,不同植被覆盖下土壤氮组分分布特征及相关关系研究一直受到学术界
的广泛关注。本研究采集从北向南依次分布的干润砂质新成土(神木)、黄土正常新成土(延安)和土垫旱耕人为土(杨凌)
等典型土壤剖面 0 ~ 200 cm 土层土样,分析了土壤全氮及酸解有机氮含量、酸解有机氮主要组分与微生物生物量氮之
间的相关性,以期阐明黄土高原典型土壤主要氮组分之间的相关性及其特点。结果表明:黄土高原从北到南典型土壤
全氮与微生物生物量氮、固定态铵及酸解有机氮各组分含量之间的相关性均达到极显著水平(P<0.01),微生物生物量
氮除了与固定态铵及酸解氨基糖态氮没有显著相关性外,与其余氮组分均达到极显著线性相关水平(P<0.01),且酸解
氨基酸态氮是微生物生物量氮的主要贡献者。

Other Abstract

The Loess Plateau is characterized by highly erodible soils, steep slopes and low vegetation coverage due to
excess exploitation of land resource and improper land use, and the characteristics of soil nitrogen and its components have been
the concern in the recent years. In order to clarify the distribution characteristics of typical soil total nitrogen, soil organic
nitrogen and the correlation among the components of soil organic nitrogen from north to south on the Loess Plateau, based on
different soil types and land-use patterns, the layers of 0–10 cm, 10–20 cm, 20–40 cm, 40–60 cm, 60–80 cm, 80–100 cm, 100–
120 cm, 120–140 cm, 140–160 cm, 160–180 cm and 180–200 cm of typical soils of Ust-Sandiic Entisols (Shenmu), Los-Orthic-
Entisol (Yan’an) and Eum-Orthic Anthrosol (Yangling) were collected and the contents of soil organic nitrogen and the
correlations among soil total nitrogen, soil organic nitrogen, microbial biomass nitrogen, soil fixed ammonium, amino acid
nitrogen, ammonia nitrogen and amino sugar nitrogen were analyzed. The results showed that the contents of soil total nitrogen
and soil organic nitrogen were different under different soil types and soil depths. In the same location, the contents of soil total
nitrogen and organic nitrogen in the profiles decreased remarkably within 0–40 cm, decreased slightly within 40–80 cm and
remained low and stable under 80 cm soil depth.From south to north, the contents of soil total nitrogen and organic nitrogen
decreased significantly. There were highly significant correlations (P<0.01) among soil total nitrogen, soil organic nitrogen and its
components, microbial biomass nitrogen and soil fixed ammonium. Soil microbial biomass nitrogen had significant (P<0.05) or
extremely significant (P<0.01) linear correlations with the contents of soil total nitrogen, soil organic nitrogen and most of
components of soil nitrogen, but no linear correlation with amino sugar nitrogen and fixed ammonium nitrogen contents. Amino
acid nitrogen was the important contributor to soil microbial biomass nitrogen.

Keyword土壤有机氮 全氮 微生物 黄土高原
Indexed By中文核心期刊要目总览
Language中文
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iswc.ac.cn/handle/361005/8387
Collection水保所知识产出(1956-2013)
Affiliation1.西北农林科技大学黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室,陕西杨凌 712100
2.西北农林科技大学理学院,陕西杨凌 712100
3.西北农林科技大学水利与建筑科学学院,陕西杨凌 712100
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
党亚爱,王立青,张 敏. 黄土高原南北主要类型土壤氮组分相关关系研究[J]. 土 壤,2015,47(3):490-495.
APA 党亚爱,王立青,&张 敏.(2015).黄土高原南北主要类型土壤氮组分相关关系研究.土 壤,47(3),490-495.
MLA 党亚爱,et al."黄土高原南北主要类型土壤氮组分相关关系研究".土 壤 47.3(2015):490-495.
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