ISWC OpenIR  > 水保所知识产出(1956-2013)
黄土高原不同植被带土壤团聚体有机碳和 酶活性的粒径分布特征
李 鑫1,2; 马瑞萍1,3; 安韶山1,2
2015
Source Publication应 用 生 态 学 报
Volume26Issue:8Pages:2282-2290
Abstract

为探究土壤中各粒级团聚体不同形态有机碳和酶活性的分布特征,以黄土高原延河
流域森林带、森林草原带、草原带土壤为对象,研究了不同粒级团聚体总有机碳、易氧化碳和
腐殖质碳含量,以及纤维素酶、β-D 葡糖苷酶、过氧化物酶、蔗糖酶和脲酶活性,分析了土壤团
聚体有机碳及其组分与酶活性之间的相关关系. 结果表明: 3 种植被带土壤团聚体有机碳及
其组分含量表现为森林带 > 草原带 > 森林草原带,3 种形态有机碳含量在 0. 25 ~2 mm 粒径
均最高;不同植被带土壤团聚体有机碳及其组分含量和酶活性在 0 ~10 cm 土层大于 10 ~20
cm 土层;3 种植被带纤维素酶、β-D 葡糖苷酶、蔗糖酶和脲酶活性表现为森林带 > 草原带 > 森
林草原带,过氧化物酶活性表现为森林带 > 森林草原带 > 草原带;3 种植被带土壤中各种酶活
性随着粒径的减小呈递增趋势. 土壤纤维素酶、过氧化物酶、蔗糖酶和脲酶活性与团聚体各种
形态碳含量均呈显著正相关.

Other Abstract

In order to explore the distribution characteristics of organic carbon of different forms and
the active enzymes in soil aggregates with different particle sizes,soil samples were chosen from for-
est zone,forest-grass zone and grass zone in the Yanhe watershed of Loess Plateau to study the con-
tent of organic carbon,easily oxidized carbon,and humus carbon,and the activities of cellulase,
β-D-glucosidase,sucrose,urease and peroxidase,as well as the relations between the soil aggre-
gates carbon and its components with the active soil enzymes were also analyzed. It was showed that
the content of organic carbon and its components were in order of forest zone > grass zone > forest-
grass zone,and the contents of three forms of organic carbon were the highest in the diameter group
of 0. 25 -2 mm. The content of organic carbon and its components,as well as the activities of soil
enzymes were higher in the soil layer of 0 -10 cm than those in the 10 -20 cm soil layer of different
vegetation zones. The activities of cellulase,β-D-glucosidase,sucrose and urease were in order of  forest zone > grass zone > forest-grass zone. The peroxidase activity was in order of forest zone >
forest-grass zone > grass zone. The activities of various soil enzymes increased with the decreasing
soil particle diameter in the three vegetation zones. The activities of cellulose,peroxidase,sucrose
and urease had significant positive correlations with the contents of various forms of organic carbon
in the soil aggregates.

Indexed By中文核心期刊要目总览
Language中文
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iswc.ac.cn/handle/361005/8386
Collection水保所知识产出(1956-2013)
Corresponding Author安韶山
Affiliation1.西北农林科技大学资源环境学院,陕西杨凌 712100
2.西北农林科技大学黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室, 陕西杨凌 712100
3.西藏自治区农牧科学院农业资源与环境研究所,拉萨 850032
4.中国科学院教育部水土保持与生态环境 研究中心,陕西杨凌 712100
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
李 鑫,马瑞萍,安韶山. 黄土高原不同植被带土壤团聚体有机碳和 酶活性的粒径分布特征[J]. 应 用 生 态 学 报,2015,26(8):2282-2290.
APA 李 鑫,马瑞萍,&安韶山.(2015).黄土高原不同植被带土壤团聚体有机碳和 酶活性的粒径分布特征.应 用 生 态 学 报,26(8),2282-2290.
MLA 李 鑫,et al."黄土高原不同植被带土壤团聚体有机碳和 酶活性的粒径分布特征".应 用 生 态 学 报 26.8(2015):2282-2290.
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