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红薯光合特征对土壤透气性的响应
赵 纯1; 魏孝荣1,2
2015
Source Publication干 旱 地 区 农 业 研 究
Volume33Issue:1Pages:66-71,19
Abstract

通过盆栽试验研究了不同土壤质地和水分条件下红薯光合特性对土壤透气性的响应。结果表明:土
壤透气性显著影响红薯叶片蒸腾速率和水分利用效率,随土壤透气性的增加,蒸腾速率显著降低,水分利用效率显
著增加,红薯的光合作用不受土壤透气性的影响;透气性对红薯蒸腾和水分利用效率的影响与土壤质地有关,在沙
土质地下,红薯的光合速率、蒸腾速率和水分利用效率均不受透气性影响,而在壤土质地下,红薯的蒸腾速率随透
气性的增加显著降低,而水分利用效率显著增加;透气性对红薯光合特性的影响与生育期有关,不同生育期内,红
薯光合特征对土壤透气性的响应也不同。研究表明,在分析作物对土壤透气性的响应时,需要考虑土壤质地、水分
条件和生育期的影响。

Other Abstract

 Soil permeability had great effect on the growth and the water use efficiency of sweet potato. In this
study,responses of photosynthetic characteristics of sweet potato to soil permeability in different soil textures and
soil water conditions were observed through a pot experiment. Results indicated that soil permeability had signifi-
cant effect on the transpiration rate and water use efficiency of sweet potato. When the soil permeability became in-
creased,the transpiration rate became decreased,but the water use efficiency was increased. Also,it seemed that
soil permeability did not affect the photosynthetic rate of sweet potato. In addition,it was found that the effects of
soil permeability on the transpiration rate and water use efficiency were related to soil compositions. Permeability of
sandy soil showed no effect on photosynthetic rate,transpiration rate,and water use efficiency. However,loam soil
decreased the transpiration rate and increased the water use efficiency. The effects of soil permeability on the photo-
synthetic characteristics were also related to the growth period of sweet potato,resulting in various response pat-
terns. These results showed that the impacts of soil texture,water,and growth period must all be taken into consid-
eration when analyzing the responses of crops to soil permeability.

Keyword红薯 土壤透气性 水分条件 土壤质地 光合特性 水分利用效率
Indexed By中文核心期刊要目总览
Language中文
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iswc.ac.cn/handle/361005/8384
Collection水保所知识产出(1956-2013)
Affiliation1.西北农林科技大学资源环境学院,陕西 杨凌 712100
2.西北农林科技大学黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室,陕西 杨凌 712100
3.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101)
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
赵 纯,魏孝荣. 红薯光合特征对土壤透气性的响应[J]. 干 旱 地 区 农 业 研 究,2015,33(1):66-71,19.
APA 赵 纯,&魏孝荣.(2015).红薯光合特征对土壤透气性的响应.干 旱 地 区 农 业 研 究,33(1),66-71,19.
MLA 赵 纯,et al."红薯光合特征对土壤透气性的响应".干 旱 地 区 农 业 研 究 33.1(2015):66-71,19.
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