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城市化对长沙市两气象站 气温记录的影响
金 凯1; 王 飞1,2,3; 苟娇娇1,2
Source Publication气 候 变 化 研 究 进 展

为深入认识城市对其附近气象站气温的影响,采用位于长沙市区东部和西部两个气象观测站的 2007—2009 年
模型估算了气温资料中的城市影响偏差。分析显示:(1) 2007—2009年东、西气象站逐月平均气温(T mean )、最高气温(T max )
和最低气温(T min )差异很大,最大差异分别可达 0.90℃、0.83℃和 1.34℃;(2) 受城市及风向的影响,两气象站的逐
月城市影响指数(K)差异较大,东、西站平均 K 值分别为 2.01 和 1.50,年内同一台站的 K 值存在季节变化规律;(3)
两站逐月ΔK与ΔT之间存在极显著正相关关系;(4) 东、西两站2007年T mean 中的城市增温最大,分别达0.63℃和0.45℃。

Other Abstract

The daily data of temperature, wind direction and wind speed during 2007−2009 of the two
meteorological stations located in the east and west regions of Changsha city, as well as the land cover dataset,
were analyzed for better understanding of the impact of urbanization on the temperature records of meteorological
stations close to city. The differences of climatic factors between the two stations were contrastively analyzed
and the urban biases of temperature data were estimated by using the modified urban impact indicators. The
results showed that the monthly mean temperature (T mean ), mean maximum temperature (T max ) and mean minimum
temperature (T min ) at two stations differed greatly, and the largest difference were up to 0.90℃, 0.83℃ and 1.34℃,
respectively. As influenced by urban area and wind directions, significant difference of monthly urban impact
indicator (ΔK) between the two stations was observed, and the average K of East station and West station were 2.01
and 1.50, respectively. There was seasonal variation of the K at each station, and the ΔK and ΔT of two stations
were positively and significantly correlated. The largest urban warming in T mean of East station and West station
were observed in 2007, which were up to 0.63℃ and 0.45℃, respectively. It is necessary to adjust the temperature
data when analyzing the long-term climate change and using station records to analyze the spatial change of
climate because the temperature records of meteorological stations near cities were significantly influenced by
urban size, wind direction and wind speed.

Keyword长沙市 城市化 气象站 气温 城市增温
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.西北农林科技大学水土保持研究所,杨凌 712100
2.中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所,杨凌 712100
3.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
金 凯,王 飞,苟娇娇. 城市化对长沙市两气象站 气温记录的影响[J]. 气 候 变 化 研 究 进 展,2017,13(5):456-464.
APA 金 凯,王 飞,&苟娇娇.(2017).城市化对长沙市两气象站 气温记录的影响.气 候 变 化 研 究 进 展,13(5),456-464.
MLA 金 凯,et al."城市化对长沙市两气象站 气温记录的影响".气 候 变 化 研 究 进 展 13.5(2017):456-464.
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