ISWC OpenIR  > 水保所2018届毕业生论文
肥料类型及浓度对水肥一体化浑水滴灌滴头输沙能力的影响
官雅辉1,3,5; 牛文全1,2; 刘璐2; 李学凯4; 张文倩4
2018-01
Source Publication农业工程学报
description.correspondentemailnwq@nwafu.edu.cn
Volume34Issue:1Pages:78-84
Other AbstractEmitter clogging has been an important factor restricting the application of drip irrigation system. In order to
improve the anti-clogging ability of the dripper, the front part of the drip irrigation system needs to be equipped with
multi-stage filtration equipment or facilities. This study investigated the effect of different fertilizers on the sediment transport
capacity during the integrated irrigation of muddy water with fertilizer in order to make rational allocation of filtration
equipment and facilities of the first drip irrigation system, to reduce the cost of filtration facilities and to improve the efficiency
of drip irrigation system. A total of 3 kinds of fertilizers (urea, potassium sulfate and water-soluble compound fertilizer) as
well as 3 different concentrations (1%, 2% and 3%) were chosen to carry out intermittent irrigation clogging test in muddy
water with the sediment concentration of 1 g/L. The accumulated sediment, discharge sediment of drippers and rate of
discharge sediment for drippers were analyzed. Tap water was applied as the test water. Experimental sediment was taken from
river flood beach silts along Weihe River in Shaanxi Yangling. The working pressure of this test was set to 70 kPa based on
the preliminary experiment results. In order to increase irrigation times of this experiment, the test stopped when the average
relative flow rate was below 70%. The test also stopped after 20 times of irrigation even though the relative flow rate was still
above 70%. The results showed that the application of muddy water could enhance the sediment transport capacity of dripper.
Different types and concentrations of fertilizer had different effects on the sediment transport capacity of dripper. Sediment
transport capacity of dripper increased with rising urea concentrations. Compared with no fertilization treatment, when the urea
concentration was 3%, the capacity value increased by 11% (P<0.05). Sediment transport capacity of dripper decreased with
the rising concentrations of potassium sulfate and compound fertilizer. As the concentration of potassium sulfate was 1%, the
sediment transport capacity of dripper was significantly higher than that without fertilization(P<0.05) but as the concentration
of compound fertilizer was above 2%, sediment transport capacity of dripper was lower than no fertilizer treatment. The slope
of the fitted straight line between the standardized accumulated sediment and the standardized accumulated irrigation amount
could be used as the evaluation index for sediment transport capacity of dripper. The smaller the slope indicated that as the
irrigation volume increased, the output of sediment of the dripper was lower, and the sediment transport capacity of dripper
was also lower. The dripper was more likely to be clogged. Discharge sediment for drippers increased with the increasing
frequency of irrigation. At the later stage of irrigation, its growth slowed down. Fertilization increased the maximum value of
discharge sediment for drippers. With the increase of irrigation times, the rate of discharge sediment for drippers gradually
decreased. After applying urea, rate of discharge sediment for drippers decreased with increasing irrigation times. After
applying urea in the muddy water, the viscosity coefficient of irrigation water decreased with the increase of fertilizer
concentration, while it increased with the rising concentration of compound fertilizer. After applying potassium sulfate in
muddy water, the coefficient of irrigation water viscosity was higher than that without fertilization. The fertilizer concentration
was an important factor that affected drip sediment output capacity. Appropriate fertilization concentration should be
determined according to different types of fertilizers. The results provide valuable information for determining the
anti-clogging strategy of dripper and improving the sediment transport capacity of dripper to guide integrated drip irrigation of
water and fertilizer with high sediment concentration in the Yellow River irrigated area.
; 为研究浑水水肥一体化灌溉过程中,不同肥料对滴头输沙能力的影响,合理配置滴灌系统首部的过滤设备和设
施,降低过滤设施的成本,提高滴灌系统工作效率,选取了常用的 3 种肥料(尿素、硫酸钾和水溶性复合肥)及其 3 种
肥料质量分数(1%、2%和 3%) ,在含沙量为 1 g/L 的浑水条件下进行间歇灌水堵塞试验,分析了滴头累积泥沙输出量、
出流含沙量和泥沙输出率。结果表明:浑水施肥可以增强滴头的输沙能力,肥料类型和浓度不同,对滴头输沙能力的影
响也不同。滴头输沙能力随着尿素浓度的增大而增大,当尿素质量分数为 3%时,滴头输沙能力比未施肥处理增加了 11%
P<0.05) 。滴头输沙能力随硫酸钾和复合肥浓度的增大而减小,当硫酸钾质量分数为 1%时,滴头输沙能力大于未施肥
处理,增大了 25%;当复合肥质量分数>2%时,滴头输沙能力小于未施肥处理。标准化的累积泥沙输出量与标准化的累
积灌水量的拟合直线斜率也可作为滴头输沙能力的判断依据,肥料质量浓度是影响滴头输沙能力的重要因素,应根据不
同的肥料类型,确定适宜的施肥浓度。研究结果对确定滴头防堵塞策略提供一定的参考。

Keyword肥料 泥沙 灌溉 浑水 水肥一体化 滴头 输沙能力
DOI10.11975/j.issn.1002-6819.2018.01.011
Indexed ByEI
Funding Project国家自然科学基金项目 ; 国家重点研发计划资助项目
Project Number51679205 ; 2016YFC0400202
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金项目(51679205) ; 国家重点研发计划资助项目(2016YFC0400202) ; 国家自然科学基金项目(51679205) ; 国家重点研发计划资助项目(2016YFC0400202)
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iswc.ac.cn/handle/361005/8139
Collection水保所2018届毕业生论文
Corresponding Author牛文全
Affiliation1.中科院水利部水土保持研究所
2.西北农林科技大学水土保持研究所
3.中国科学院大
4.西北农林科技大学水利与建筑工程学院
5.中国旱区节水农业研究院
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
官雅辉,牛文全,刘璐,等. 肥料类型及浓度对水肥一体化浑水滴灌滴头输沙能力的影响[J]. 农业工程学报,2018,34(1):78-84.
APA 官雅辉,牛文全,刘璐,李学凯,&张文倩.(2018).肥料类型及浓度对水肥一体化浑水滴灌滴头输沙能力的影响.农业工程学报,34(1),78-84.
MLA 官雅辉,et al."肥料类型及浓度对水肥一体化浑水滴灌滴头输沙能力的影响".农业工程学报 34.1(2018):78-84.
Files in This Item:
File Name/Size DocType Version Access License
肥料类型及浓度对水肥一体化浑水滴灌滴头输(367KB)期刊论文出版稿开放获取CC BY-NC-SAApplication Full Text
Related Services
Recommend this item
Bookmark
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[官雅辉]'s Articles
[牛文全]'s Articles
[刘璐]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[官雅辉]'s Articles
[牛文全]'s Articles
[刘璐]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[官雅辉]'s Articles
[牛文全]'s Articles
[刘璐]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
All comments (0)
No comment.
 

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.